History of Gilgandra Shire

Indigenous History

Gilgandra is Aboriginal for long water hole, and the traditional custodians of our ancient land describe Gilgandra as being a meeting place between the Wiradjuri, Kamilaroi & Wailwan nations.

Town of Windmills

In times gone by Gilgandra was know as the town of windmills, as it’s skyline was dotted with windmills, by the 1950’s there were over 300 windmills pumping water. By 2018 to date there is only 1 working windmill left in the township of Gilgandra, with many more located on farms around the district. There are however over 10 non working windmills in Gilgandra township. In 1966 Gilgandra moved to an articulated water system (town water) and with the invention of the water pump, the windmills have slowly disappeared. 

Coo-ee March

The famous 1915 Coo-ee March started from Gilgandra “35 men set off from Gilgandra to march to Sydney to help in the WW 1 effort".  Find out about more of this famous recruitement drive at the Coo-ee Heritage Centre.

General History

The town was proclaimed in 1888.